Since the dropout issue has a multi-faceted nature, schools cannot address the problem alone. In a whole school approach, all members of the community feel responsible and play an active role in tackling educational disadvantage and preventing early school leaving.

Education and career guidance has been identified by the large majority of European countries as one of the key measures in addressing early school leaving. In most countries, guidance is an important element in prevention, intervention and compensation policies. The main objective of this approach is to provide students with support, inform them about their possibilities and develop the skills they need to make decisions about their future education and job opportunities.

Providing learning opportunities for all youth means to eliminate negative attitudes towards diversity in race, economic status, social class, ethnicity, language, religion, gender, sexual orientation and ability. Social inclusion at school is the first step for building an inclusive society, and is directly related to the question of identity. Promoting inclusion implies stimulating discussion, encouraging positive attitudes and improving educational and social frameworks to cope with new demands in education structures and governance.

Entrepreneurship education is currently being promoted by the way of several different approaches. Its main goal is to give students the attitudes, knowledge and skills to turn ideas into action, helping them developing self-awareness, critical thinking and problem-solving. What strategies have been adopted in European countries?

According to the current evidence, policies contrasting dropout to be effective should not involve students alone but engage students’ parents as well. Family engagement, in fact, not only is effective for dropout prevention but it also has a positive effect on children's achievement and it is the most accurate predictor of a student's success in school.

Early school leaving includes all forms of leaving education and training before completing upper secondary education or equivalents in vocational education and training. In the long-term, it constitutes a tremendous waste of potential for individual, social and economic development. What are the main causes and what preventive measures are possible?